â¦ Four missions later, Ochoa’s hours in orbit now total nearly 1,000. In 1972, after a 12-year string of consecutive Gold Glove seasons, Clemente was killed in a plane crash. And, probably just as important, heâs the guy who gave the state its name. Photo: Ethan Miller/Getty Images for Keep Memory Alive. So often when we think of the great Native American heroes of the past, we think of the brave male warriors and chiefs who led their people through war and the long journey into an uncertain future. The letter was signed on behalf of 700,000 female farmworkers. In the Heights, loosely based on his own experiences growing up, would go on to open on Broadway in March 2008. Estefan married Emilio in 1976 and the couple welcomed two children, Nayib and Emily. Moreno made her Broadway debut in Skydrift at age 13, with her career taking off after that. These history-making individuals were posthumously honored with their caskets displayed in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol. In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor was sworn in as the 111th Justice of the Supreme Court, the first-ever Hispanic and first Latina woman to carry the title. “I’m hoping that this is a beginning,” Ocasio-Cortez said at her victory party in 2018. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in political science in 1993 there and later earned his law degree from the University of Miami in 1996. Clemente, wearing the iconic number 21, went on to become the first Latin American and Caribbean to win a World Series as a starting player in 1960. She excelled through high school after her family moved to the suburbs and was in her second year at Boston College when her dad tragically died of lung cancer in 2008. He counted her influence as the reason why he and his brother, a U.S. Representative for Texas, are politicians. She incorporated African influences into her dress, music and performance in ways her contemporaries did not and captivated the world with her unmatched voice and candy-colored wardrobe. She challenged gender bias within the farmworkers’ movement and has since called for more women and Latinas in political office. Photo: Michael Becker/FOX Image Collection via Getty Images. Every fall from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15, Americans celebrate the contributions of U.S. citizens, residents and communities with Mexican, Caribbean, South and Central American and Spanish heritage. Miranda once again won several Tony Awards for the show, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book of a Musical. Her activism continued in California, where she made a name for herself by supporting and leading various strikes for workers' rights. As a young boy in the Bronx, Edgardo Miranda-Rodriguez read lots of comics. Dominican American poet and novelist Elizabeth Acevedo learned the art of storytelling from her father, mother and grandfather. She was told to enroll in a nearby underfunded “Mexican school” instead. Tragic â¦ Even though she was teased in school for liking science, â¦ READ MORE: Martin Luther King Jr. Her father left the family when she was a baby and her mother later died by suicide when Rivera was just 3 years old. Since then, Lopez has remained one of the most notable Hispanic American figures in the movie and music industry, often earning the status of “triple threat.” She also earned critical acclaim for her role in 2019’s Hustlers, which generated Oscar buzz that resulted in strong opposition to her being snubbed for the awards show. A feminist and LGBTQ icon, Kahlo mixed aspects of Mexican mythology, varying religions and cultures into her art. Ralph Alvarez, president and CEO of McDonald's Corporation. Her 2018 novel “The Poet X” is a certified New York Times bestseller and won several awards including the National Book Award for Young People’s Literature. Hispanic people have played a significant role in shaping our nation. The pioneering actress went on to star in dozens of film, TV and stage shows through her decades-long career. Rivera and her friend Marsha P. Johnson, both sex workers, made an indelible mark in the advancement of LGBTQ rights. He was 66. âJenny from the Blockâ has always paid tribute â¦ But Miranda’s largest mark on culture came when his musical Hamilton opened on Broadway in 2015. Cruz quickly entered politics, joining George W. Bush’s presidential campaign in 1999 where he assisted in building Bush’s legal team during the Florida presidential recounts. She and her cousin were invited to join his band and renamed it Miami Sound Machine, leading to hits like “Conga,” “Anything for You,” “Rhythm Is Gonna Get You," and “Hot Summer Nights." “I think we need all the best and brightest people working in science and engineering fields, and that is certainly not limited to men or white men or anything like that,” she told NBC News in 2019. "I was going to college and I was going to become an attorney, and I knew that when I was ten. Ochoa was born in 1958 in Los Angeles, California, years after her paternal grandparents immigrated from Mexico. After finding initial success as a teen in Puerto Rico, Roberto Clemente played his entire MLB career as a Pittsburgh Pirate. Selena (1971-94) Selena Quintanilla-Pérez was a singer, songwriter and fashion icon. Ocasio-Cortez eventually challenged Democratic incumbent Joe Crowley, the first to do so since 2004, and pulled off a surprise primary win in June 2018. The two would go on to found the National Farm Workers Association, later the United Farm Workers labor union, becoming primary figures for Latin American civil rights. Since her arrival in Congress, Ocasio-Cortez’s vocal support of left-leaning ideas, including co-sponsoring the Green New Deal package to combat climate change, has made her a popular figure in progressive politics. Also known by her initials AOC, Ocasio-Cortez was born in 1989 in the Bronx, New York to a Puerto Rican mother and a Bronx-born father of Puerto Rican descent. Famous Hispanic Women âThe only way to do great work is to love what you doâ a famous quote by Steve Jobs reminds me of women who excel in their life. Chavez made the CSO his full-time job after he was laid off, meeting fellow activist Dolores Huerta while traveling to chapters around the state of California. She later stepped away from the union to focus on women’s rights after she was badly beaten by a San Francisco police officer during a peaceful raid, resulting in a long recovery. His father initially left the family and moved to Texas, though his parents reconciled and the family relocated to Houston in 1974. She graduated in 1976 after establishing herself as a student advocate, working hard to ensure Princeton began hiring Latin American faculty. Twelve years later, Sotomayor made history when President Barack Obama picked her as his first nominee to the U.S. Supreme Court in 2009. As co-founder of the Alianza Nacional de Campesinas (National Farmworkers Women’s Alliance), Mónica Ramírez has long advocated against gender-based violence, sexual harassment and exploitation in U.S. fields. Two years later, she received a ground-breaking job promotion from research engineer to astronaut. “That we can continue this organizing and continue what we’ve learned.”. She went on to become one of the most critically revered Latina writers and has published poems, novels and essays throughout her career. She often faced discrimination and violence, compelling her to begin her transgender and gay rights activism. Rivera was forced to leave home when she was 10, making her way through the rough streets of New York City. His biggest success has come from “La Boriqueña,” an Afro-Latina undergrad-student turned superhero. The politician announced his intention to run for U.S. Senate in 2009 and was elected the next year during the midterm elections. Famous Hispanics Jennifer Lopez is probably the first name that pops into our minds when we talk of Hispanic people. There isn’t an industry in which Hispanic Americans haven’t made their mark in history, with some of the most iconic politicians, singers, actors, athletes and more coming from Hispanic descent. The non-profit set out to end hunger and poverty in communities, and following Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico, World Central Kitchen fed 3.6 million people. List of Hispanic and Latino Americans Arts. Pablo Picasso (1881 â 1973) It's impossible to create a list of influential Hispanic â¦ Simon Bolivar was a Venezuelan soldier, a political and military leader. Cruz ran for president in 2016, entering the primary race in March 2015, earning 12 states and receiving 7.8 million votes. She briefly worked as an elementary school teacher after attending college before setting off on the path of civil rights activism. Born to Puerto Rican parents living in New York City public housing, Sotomayor learned from her mother the power of education. There is a very diverse group of people in both groups in terms of income, objectives in life, aspirations, cultural wants, habits, all the things that make us unique Americans. Rivera died in February 2002 due to complications of liver cancer. The 100 Most Influential People Next Generation Leaders Person of the Year Top of the World. Ochoa became the first Hispanic American director of the Johnson Space Center in 2013, only the second woman to take the helm. The athlete died in a plane crash in 1972 while on his way to Nicaragua to deliver aid to earthquake victims when he was 38. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. She co-founded the Agricultural Workers Association in 1960 and collaborated with Chavez to found the National Farm Workers Association in 1962. Huerta now runs the Dolores Huerta Foundation and has received several accolades, including an inaugural Eleanor Roosevelt Award for Human Rights in 1998 under President Clinton and the Presidential Medal of Freedom under President Obama in 2012. Cesar Chavez, labor leader. They stayed there throughout Alvarez’s childhood until her father’s involvement in a failed attempt to overthrow the militant dictator forced the family to flee to the United States in 1960. As a leader, he championed several worker victories by organizing weeks-long hunger strikes, marches and boycotts. The future judge went on to graduate valedictorian from high school and earned a full scholarship to Princeton University. That same year, the Pittsburgh Pirates scouted him during training in Richmond, Virginia and Clemente was called up to the majors by November of that year in the rookie draft. These easily recognizable names and faces and won international acclaim. He rose through the ranks and became House Speaker in 2005, the first Cuban American to do so. Hispanics have made a valuable contribution to various fields. The future politician graduated valedictorian from his high school and went to Princeton, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in public policy in 1992. In 1993 began acting career staring in film Selena about Mexican-American singer. She once again won her primary in June 2020, all but ensuring her return to Congress for a second term after the general election in November. Your Favorite Hispanic Celebrities Selena Gomez Jennifer Lopez Sofía Vergara Shakira Demi Lovato Salma Hayek Penélope Cruz Jessica Alba Eva Mendes Zoe Saldana Camila Cabello Bruno Mars Gina Rodriguez Eva Longoria Adriana Lima George Lopez Michael Peña Arianny Celeste Danny Trejo Michelle Rodriguez â¦ Aboard the space shuttle Discovery in 1993, Ochoa became the first Hispanic woman to travel to space. They are singers, painters, actors, lawyers, authors, and athletes. Roberto Goizueta, former CEO of Coca-Cola. Sotomayor was born in 1954 in the New York City borough, where she grew up in a predominantly Catholic and Puerto Rican community. Moreno would go on to cement her name in history by winning the Best Supporting Actress Oscar for the role, becoming the first-ever Hispanic American woman to win an Academy Award. Arizona to a Mexican American family, Cesar Chavez grew up in a nearby “. 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