The headquarters acted as a coordinator among ministries and agencies, and implemented reconstruction work.” [Source: Yomiuri Shimbun. This movement could be seen in a rice field on Awaji Island. It lasted for 20 seconds. The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. The earthquake generated along the intersection of the Nojima fault with the Suma fault, 16 kilometres … Beginning at 5:46am, the temblor lasted for 20 seconds, registered 6.9 on the Richter scale and packed a wallop of 240 kilotons of TNT. "Her hand was warm, but she couldn't speak. 5.46 am January 1995- worse earthquake in Japan since 1923- magnitude… Amongst the commemorative events held on the anniversary of the earthquake, large "1.17" digits are illuminated in Higashi Yuenchi Park in the early hours of January 17 each year. In December 1995, the government declared January 17 a national "Disaster Prevention and Volunteerism Day", and the week from January 15 to 21 a national "Disaster Prevention and Volunteerism Week", to be commemorated with lectures, seminars, and other events designed to encourage voluntary disaster preparedness and relief efforts. Some people had to be operated on in waiting rooms and corridors. Lomg term: Their monetary device will drop vast time by way of quantity destuction. Earthquake Deaths in the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake, 1995, American Journal of Epidemiology , v.153. Latitude: 34.583 North Longitude: 135.018 East (1995 Kobe Earthquake, n.pag) Located around the Ring of Fire. [17], The sheer size of the earthquake caused a major decline in Japanese stock markets, with the Nikkei 225 index plunging by 1,025 points on the day following the quake. The newly-completed artificial island supporting Kansai International Airport was not significantly affected, due to being further from the epicenter, and because it was built to the latest standards. Although further from a plate margin than most of the cities in Japan, Kobe is still found on a fault line. The magnitude was 6.8. We are alive, we are eating well, and-- we are living in … The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds. This help was essential to the Kobe population, because official support was inconsistent and chaotic for several days. In the 1995 Kobe Earthquake, the subsequent deaths of about 920 people days and weeks after the disaster, or about 14 percent of all victims, were recognized as being caused by the earthquake. The epicenter of the earthquake was 40 miles away from Kobe in the Akashi Straight between Awaji Island and Honshu. Approximately 1.2 million volunteers were involved in relief efforts during the first three months following the earthquake. The earthquake resulted in more than 6,000 deaths and over 30,000 injuries. Damage in nearby Osaka and Kyoto was relatively minor. Some neighborhoods were totally destroyed while others nearly were untouched. One woman who was sleeping with her daughter told the Washington Post: "The second floor and a neighbor's house all crashed on us. Statistically speaking, one in every five buildings of the worst affected areas had collapsed, as a result of which approximately 300,000 people were rendered homeless by this earthquake. Many of homeowners who lost their homes were not insured. Phones in twisted and toppled phone booths continued to work. A state-of-the-art offshore port facility was built, housing was built and the harbor was redeveloped with sleek shopping malls. Discussions of Japan's "Lost Decade" tend towards purely economic analysis, and neglect the impact of the earthquake on the Japanese economy which at the time was already suffering from recession. I kept holding her hand, and gradually it turned cold.". Earthquake Kobe Japan 1995 Earthquake Kobe Japan 1995 The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. We just had to stand there. The entire route was not reopened until September 30, 1996. In Kobe Earthquake took place before 6:00am, while many people were still asleep. The Kobe, or Great Hanshin, earthquake struck in the pre-dawn hours of January 17, 1995, with a magnitude of 7.3 near the city of Kobe, about 350 … the size of the earthquake was 7.2. the earthquake injured 25,000; 46,440 building laid in ruins after the quake. There were four foreshocks, beginning with the largest (Mj 3.7) at 18:28 on the previous day. Even though there were rumors to the contrary and goods were available for the picking in the shattered store windows there was little or no looting in Kobe. Railroad cars weighing 65,000 pounds were tossed on the roofs of buildings. The earthquake occurred along the destructive plate boundary where the Pacific and the Philippine Plate (oceanic) meet the Eurasian (continental) plate.. When he was finally found, his body was already cold...Kazuhiro might have been hit in the head by the piano. Such was its intensity that even the sensors on the other side of the world picked it. Anumber of simultaneous post-earthquake fires occurred in the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake. May 14, 2011], “The reconstruction committee held five meetings from February 16 to March 23, 1995, and drafted seven emergency proposals for reconstruction planning, housing construction, employment, economic measures and other issues. Meals were given out in the parking lot next to Yamaguchi-Gumi headquarters at a rate of 8,000 a day "The operation," reported the New York Times, which was "said to be efficient than the Government's, has been a source of pride for the gangsters. EARTHQUAKE CASE STUDY : Kobe Earthquake 1995 KEY FACTS. In the scientific literature it is often called the 1995 Southern Hyōgo Prefecture Earthquake (平成7年(1995年)兵庫県南部地震, Heisei 7 nen (1995 nen) Hyōgo-ken Nanbu Jishin), the name chosen by the Japan Meteorological Agency in the week after the main shock. Up to 6,434 people lost their lives; about 4,600 of them were from Kobe. It measured 6.9 on the moment magnitude scale and had a maximum intensity of 7 on the JMA Seismic Intensity Scale (X on the Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale). Water breaking through the surface and flooding those islands was initially believed to have seeped in from the sea, but in fact rose from the liquefied remains of once-solid soils used to construct the islands. Many newer buildings were badly damaged but they didn’t collapse. One survivor in an emergency shelter told a Japanese television station, "we haven't eaten anything except one or two slices of bread and a banana---that's all today. About a million of Kobe's 1.4 million residents lost their electricity, gas and water supplies due to damaged pipes and transmission lines. Zero Hours: Kobe (Great Hanshin) Earthquake. it variety of feels each 365 days there's a disaster. In Japan, the disaster by this earthquake is officially called The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Disaster (阪神・淡路大震災, Hanshin-Awaji Daishinsai), which is often shortened to The Great Hanshin Earthquake Disaster (阪神大震災, Hanshin Daishinsai). Service resumed across the entire line on February 16, 1995, with full service resuming a month later after repairs were completed. Then Prime Minister Tomiichi Murayama chaired a government headquarters for the reconstruction that included all cabinet members. What is visual communication and why it matters; Nov. 20, 2020. Blog. The quake triggered approximately 300 fires,[3] which raged over large portions of the city. Nearly all the buildings that killed people were built before the enactment of modern building codes in the 1970s and 80s. The majority of deaths (over 4,000) occurred in cities and suburbs in Hyōgo Prefecture. Luckily I don't have much furniture, so I was able to wriggle out from under it. There were hundreds of fires, many ignited by toppled gas cookers and kerosene stoves. During this time the south side of the Nojima Fault moved 1.5 meters to the right and 1.2 meters downwards. 'Help me.' The Kobe, or Great Hanshin, earthquake struck in the pre-dawn hours of January 17, 1995, with a magnitude of 7.3 near the city of Kobe, about 350 km (210 miles) southwest of Tokyo. CCTV footage from a convenience store during the Great Hanshin/Kobe earthquake, which measured 6.8m and killed 6,434 people. The Finance Ministry considered fiscal discipline of paramount importance, and this hampered efforts to secure financial resources for reconstruction.” [Ibid], “The cost for rebuilding social infrastructure was estimated at 10 trillion yen. After Japanese television reporter asked an earthquake survivor, "Don't you feel cold?" [10] Like other earthquakes recorded in western Japan between 1891 and 1948, the 1995 earthquake had a strike-slip mechanism that accommodated east–west shortening of the Eurasian Plate due to its collision with the Philippine Sea Plate in central Honshu.[11]. There's still a skyline!" The focusof the earthquake was loc… The national government changed its disaster response policies in the wake of the earthquake, and its response to the 2004 Chūetsu earthquake was significantly faster and more effective. The earthquake in Kobe on January, 17, 1995 left 6,425 dead, injured 25,000, displaced 300,000 people, damaged or destroyed 100,000 buildings and caused at least $132 billion worth of damage, or about 2.5 percent of Japan's national income, making it one of … One man, who stood before his three story house, which was so battered the top floor nearly touched the ground yet failed to receive a "half damaged" assessment, told NTV television, "Look at this! the Kobe earthquake happened on the 17th of January 1995 at 5.46 am. Japan installed rubber blocks under bridges to absorb the shock and rebuilt buildings further apart to prevent collateral damage. Outside Japan the earthquake is commonly known as the Kobe earthquake. Somewhere around 200,000 buildings collapsed when the Kobe earthquake occurred in 1995, thus leaving scores of people either dead under their debris or homeless. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships This put increased pressure on our finances." [14] Disruptions of water, electricity and gas supplies were common. Then we noticed that all the furniture was in disarray.” After six hours they were freed by rescuers who chopped through the ceiling above them. 0 0. lezlie . The great destruction which resulted from the 1995 Kobe Earthquake was due to the shallow depth of the focus which was only about 16 kms. Crime Watch. Japanese refer to the disaster as the Great Hansin Earthquake. This financial damage was the immediate cause for the collapse of Barings Bank due to the actions of Nick Leeson, who had speculated vast amounts of money on Japanese and Singaporean derivatives. The disaster could have been worse had it been a few hours later when more shops were open and more people were cooking with kerosene stoves. The Great Hanshin earthquake, otherwise known as the Kobe earthquake, struck at 05.46 JST on 17 January 1995. Kobe is considered one of the nicest cities in Japan and ironically some people even moved there to escape earthquakes. In some respects the earthquake was good for the Japanese economy. “A reconstruction planning committee headed by Atsushi Shimokobe, former deputy head of the National Land Agency, drafted proposals. The earthquake was the worst in Japan since the Great Tokyo Earthquake in 1923, when a earthquake measure 7.9 on the Richter Scale killed 140,000 people, and the greatest disaster in Japan since World War II. Firemen were unable to do anything to stop them because there was no water, and the fires spread rapidly because of strong winds. Every building constructed according to the building codes established in 1981 was unscathed. The Kobe 1995 Earthquake facts show: There were 300,000 survivors who had to be rehoused temporarily thanks to all the Kobe Earthquake 1995 damage. At 05.46 on 17th January 1995 an earthquake measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale struck the heavily populated city of Kobe, Japan. p.153-156 • Risk Management Solutions, 2005, 1995 Kobe Earthquake 10- The government allocated 3.2 trillion yen, including the issuance of deficit bonds, by compiling three supplementary budgets to carry out such "reconstruction" work as debris removal. People waited patiently in lines with the only arguments coming from people who insisted that others go before them. When something disrupts our system, the system becomes unworkable." What triggered the earthquake was the Median Tectonic Line and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe… Wooden supports collapsed inside supposedly solid concrete pilings under the tracks of the Shinkansen high-speed rail line, causing the entire line to shut down. Like all earthquakes, the Kobe earthquake was caused by a sudden movement of the tectonic plates that make up the crust of the earth. Hanshin refers to the region between Osaka and Kobe. The reasons depends on a number of factors including construction methods, maintenance, soil stability, and location of gas lines. Local hospitals struggled to keep up with demand for medical treatment, largely due to collapsed or obstructed "lifelines" (roads) that kept supplies and personnel from reaching the affected areas. ", Kobe Gets On Its Feet After the Earthquake, A week after the earthquake most people were back at work. The reason for this is that they were mainly the one who lived in the older houses that collapsed. Apr 24, 2013 - Explore Alan Banks's board "Kobe Earthquake 1995" on Pinterest. More than 300,000 people were moved to emergency shelters in schools, gymnasiums and other buildings, where they slept like packed sardines on floors and even on the stairs. Over 50,000 buildings were destroyed or badly damaged and 300,000 people were left homeless. The hypocentre of the quake was only 16km beneath the surface and 20km from the centre of Kobe, under the reclaimed Awaji island. [9] Observations of deformations in these faults suggest that the area was subjected to east–west compression, which is consistent with previously known crustal movements. It was the worst earthquake that hit Japan in the twentieth century, apart from the Great Kanto (Tokyo) earthquake in 1923. First of all the earthquake was very shallow, which means it is more likely to cause extensive damage. ", Japanese TV shot The Japanese and Western coverage of the earthquake was quite different. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. kobe earthquake The Great Hanshin earthquake, or Kobe earthquake, was an earthquake that occurred on Tuesday, January 17, 1995, at 05:46 JST in the southern part of Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. [23] To keep the light rail system running even though it had quite severely damaged sections, shuttle buses were commissioned to transfer patrons to stations around damaged sections.[24]. One in five of the buildings in the worst-hit areas were completely destroyed or rendered uninhabitable. If we continue to rely on them we'll starve to death.”. Earthquakes are very common here and happen because of the friction resulting from the two plates colliding along this destructive margin. 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